Eastern Spadefoot (Scaphiopus holbrookii) - Ohio Herp Atlas

Eastern Spadefoot Scaphiopus holbrookii - Endangered

Length 1 3/4 – 2 1/4 in. (4.5-6 cm.) The Eastern Spadefoot gets its name from the sickle-shaped horny spade or heel on the bottom of each hind foot used for digging. The Eastern Spadefoot is an accomplished backwards burrower. Small warts are scattered over its relatively smooth skin. Notice the pupil is vertical rather than horizontal and that there are no conspicuous parotoid glands behind the eyes. The spadefoot eats flies, spiders, caterpillars, earthworms, snails, moths, and crickets. They will breed after a heavy rainfall. The Eastern Spadefoot is not a toad. It is exceptionally rare, and is known to occur in Athens, Coshocton, Lawrence, Meigs, Morgan, Scioto, Tuscarawas, and Washington counties. This is a state endangered species. ENDANGERED.

Text courtesy of the Ohio Division of Wildlife: https://wildlife.ohiodnr.gov/portals/wildlife/pdfs/publications/id%20guides/pub348.pdf

Distribution Map
Distribution map of Eastern Spadefoot (Scaphiopus holbrookii)
Photographs